Some psycholinguistic conditions for second language learning

Bernard Spolsky


The author discusses some psycho linguistic conditions for second language learning based
on a preference rr ode! in linguistics. The outcome of second language learning depends
on a number of conditions. Second language learning takes place in a social context, and
social conditions determine a learner's attitudes. These attitudes are twofold in nature,
namely those towards the community speaking the target language and those towards the
learning situation. The two kinds of attitudes lead to motivation. The social context also
provides opportunities for language learning and can be divided into formal and informal
situations. There are also individual conditions of the learner. The author is concerned
with the exploration of several specific psycholinguistic factors, as well as the kinds of
rules which they contribute to the theory.
Die skrywer bespreek enkele psigolinguistiese voorwaardes vir die aanleer van 'n tweede
taal, gebaseer op 'n voorkeurmodel in die l!nguistiek. Die aanleer van 'n tweede taal
geskied bin ne 'n sosiale konteks, en sosiale omstandighede bepaal 'n leerder se houding.
Hierdie houding kan bestaan ten opsigte van die gemeenskap wat die teikentaal praat,
sowel as ten opsigte van die leersituasie. Motivering word bepaal deur hierdie tweeledige
houding. Die sosiale konteks bepaal ook geleenthede vir die aanleer van 'n taal en kan
verdeel word in forme le en informele situasies. Verder is daar die individuele omstandighede
van elke leerder. Die skrywer hou horn besig met 'n verkenning van spesifieke
psigolinguistiese faktore, sowel as die soort reels wat hydra tot die teorie.

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ISSN 2224-0012 (online); ISSN 0259-2312 (print)

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